This is the flag of the Granville County Militia, which fought at the Battle of Guildford Courthouse in the American Revolutionary War. In March of 1781, Americans and the Redcoats fought what was to be a pivotal battle of the War of Independence. At Guilford Courthouse in North Carolina, American General Greene faced British General Cornwallis. Two and a half hours of ferocious fighting ensued. Cornwallis himself stated, “I never saw such fighting since God made me. The Americans fought like demons.” The British won the battle, but at great cost. Cornwallis lost 25% of his troops, casualties he could not replace. He had no supplies, and a heavy, cold rain began to come down. The Americans skillfully executed a retreat, and the British were forced to end pursuit. Cornwallis lost control of the Carolinas. British statesman Charles James Fox stated: “Another such victory would ruin the British army.” Cornwallis ended up marching to Yorktown, Virginia. There the British were trapped by a combination of American and French armies. In the last major battle of the war, Cornwallis was forced to surrender, seven months after the Battle of Guilford Courthouse.
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