North Carolina Republic Cotton Flag 3′ x 5′
This flag is sewn with embroidered lettering. The star is sewn on with embroidery around the edges.
This flag was adopted by North Carolina after secession. It was carried by North Carolina Regiments, along with the Confederate colors, throughout the Civil War. The date below the star, May 20, 1861, indicates the day of North Carolina’s secession from the union.
Above the star is the date of the so-called “Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence” in 1776. This was a resolution of the citizens of Mecklenburg County, NC, to be sent to the North Carolina representatives at the Continental Congress, stating that they had separated from Great Britain.
After the Boston Tea Party, Britain closed the Port of Boston. On May 19th, 1775, the elected representatives of Mecklenburg County met at the courthouse in Charlotte and began discussing what to do regarding what had happened. On the same day an express rider arrived with news of the battles of Lexington and Concord. After hearing that British soldiers had killed and wounded fellow British citizens, the discussions swiftly became more intense, resulting in five resolutions that make up the Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence. It was not called a declaration at the time, but was a resolution of the citizens of Mecklenburg County. It was to be sent to the North Carolina representatives at the Continental Congress, declaring the fact that they had separated themselves from Britain.
The citizens of Mecklenburg stated that Great Britain had “wantonly trampled on our rights and liberties and inhumanly shed the innocent blood of American patriots at Lexington” and that we “dissolve the political bands which have connected us to the Mother country” and declare ourselves “a free and independent people.” T
North Carolina’s Constitutional Convention of 1861 contains this flag ordinance, ratified 22 June 1861:
Be it ordained by this Convention, and it is hereby ordained by the authority of the same, That the Flag of North Carolina shall consist of a red field with a white star in the center, and with the inscription, above the star, in a semi-circular form, of “May 20th, 1775,” and below the star, in a semi-circular form, of “May 20th, 1861.” That there shall be two bars of equal width, and the length of the field shall be equal to the bar, the width of the field being equal to both bars: the first bar shall be blue, and second shall be white: and the length of the flag shall be one-third more than its width.
This flag was issued to state troops in 1861 and used throughout the war. This flag continued in use until 1885, when North Carolina adopted a new design.